Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome – The Merck Manual

Acknowledgment
Last full review/revision of this article in the The Merck Manual – Home Edition by Adrienne Youdim, MD

 

Abstract
Metabolic syndrome (also called syndrome X or insulin resistance syndrome) is characterized by a large waist circumference (due to excess abdominal fat), high blood pressure, resistance to the effects of insulin (insulin resistance) or diabetes, and abnormal levels of cholesterol and other fats in the blood (dyslipidemia).

In developed countries, metabolic syndrome is a serious problem. In the United States, more than 40% of people over 50 may have it. Even children and adolescents can develop metabolic syndrome, but how many have it is unknown.

 

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Author
Dr. Adrienne Youdim

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